Historical documents deemed too shocking for their time have beenunearthed, detailing the “astonishing depravity” of penguins. According to The Guardian , Dr. George Murray Levick, a surgeon and medical officer on the1910-1913 British Antarctic Expedition, Terra Nova, found himselfappalled by the behavior of penguins at the colony of Adelies atCape Adare. The Terra Nova was led by Captain Robert Scott. Corrugated Roll Forming Machine
Levick carefully documented his journey, but his four-pagepamphlet, written in 1915, on the perversions of penguins wasconsidered so shocking it wasn’t published with the other TerraNova expedition reports. Now, thanks to Douglas Russell, curator of birds at the Natural History Museum in London , Levick’s report, entitled “Sex Habits of the Adelie Penguin,” hasbeen discovered and reveals his total disgust for these animals andtheir ways. In a press release, Russell states that Levick’s time spent in Cape Adare makes him the onlyscientist to this day to have studied an entire breeding cycle.Levick was horrified by the actions of “hooligan males” and”observed and commented on the their sexual activity, autoeroticbehavior, the behaviour of young unpaired males and femalesincluding necrophilia, sexual coercion, the sexual and physicalabuse of chicks, non-procreative sex and homosexual behavior.” Witnessing what he believed to be males penguins having sex withdead females was too much for Levick, who wrote down hisobservations in Greek, fearing the reactions it might produce ifread back in England. “There seems to be no crime too low for thesepenguins,” Levick wrote. Russell and his team of researchers have reinterpreted Levick’sobservations and published the study in the Cambridge University Press journal Polar Record. Steel Tile Forming Machine Manufacturer
“Levick’s notes were decades ahead of their time and possibly thefirst ever attempt to reveal the more challenging aspects of birdbehavioural strategies to the academic world,’ said Russell in a press release from the Natural History Museum . Nearly a century later, researchers aren’t quite so prudish when itcomes to the study of natural history. In the last 50 years,researchers have become more open to objectively interpretingsexual behaviors in animals, and same-sex behaviors have beendocumented frequently in many animals and other birds, explainedRussell. Also, modern researchers understand that many of the acts Levickthought he witnessed, such as necrophilia, could be reinterpretedwhen cast to the bird species. China Corrugated Roll Forming Machine
Research shows that, when mating,female penguins will adopt a receptive postion — lying on theirfront with their feathers close to their body and eyes nearlyclosed — and may appear as though they are dead. Penguins arechemically wired to respond to a seemingly compliant female ofbreeding age, rather than being sexually aroused. “Levick tended to anthropomorphise the birds, but they are notlittle people and we have to interpret their behaviour in thecontext of zoology,” Russell explained to The Telegraph . Also on HuffPost:.