The annual growth rates for Hispanics and Asians fell sharply lastyear to just over 2 per cent, roughly half the rates in 2000 andthe lowest in more than a decade. The black growth rate stayed flatat 1 per cent. The immigrants staying put in the U.S. for now include NarcisaMarcelino, 34, a single mother who lives with her two daughters,ages 10 and 5, in Martinsburg, West Virginia. After crossing intothe U.S. Amusement Park Water Slides
from Mexico in 2000, she followed her brother to theeastern part of the state just outside the Baltimore-Washingtonregion. The Martinsburg area is known for hiring hundreds of migrantsannually to work in fruit orchards. Its Hispanic growth climbedfrom 14 per cent to 18 per cent between 2000 and 2005 beforeshrinking last year to 3.3 per cent, still above the nationalaverage. Marcelino says she sells food from her home to make ends meet forher family and continues to hope that one day she will get ahearing with immigration officials to stay legally in the U.S. Sheaspires to open a restaurant and is learning English at a communitycollege so she can help other Spanish-language speakers. China Fiberglass Water Slides
If she is eventually deported, “it wouldn’t be that tragic,”Marcelino said. “But because the children have been born here, thisis their country. And there are more opportunities for them here.” Of the 30 large metropolitan areas showing the fastest Hispanicgrowth in the previous decade, all showed slower growth in 2011than in the peak Hispanic growth years of 2005-2006, when theconstruction boom attracted new migrants to low-wage work. Theyinclude Lakeland, Florida; Charlotte, North Carolina; Atlanta;Provo, Utah; Las Vegas; and Phoenix. All but two Fort Myers,Florida, and Dallas-Fort Worth also grew more slowly last yearthan in 2010, hurt by the jobs slump. China Surf Wave Pool
Latino population boom possibly peaking Pointing to a longer-term decline in immigration, demographersbelieve the Hispanic population boom may have peaked. The Latino population is very young, which means they will continueto have a lot of births relative to the general population,” saidMark Mather, associate vice-president of the Population ReferenceBureau. “But we’re seeing a slowdown that is likely the result of multiplefactors: declining Latina birth rates combined with lowerimmigration levels. If both of these trends continue, they willlead to big changes down the road.” William H.
Frey, a demographer at the Brookings Institution whoanalyzed the census data, noted that government debates overimmigration enforcement may now be less pressing, given slowinggrowth. “The current congressional and Supreme Court interest in reducingimmigration and the concerns especially about low-skilled andundocumented Hispanic immigration represent issues that couldwell be behind us,” he said. Births actually have been declining for both whites and minoritiesas many women postponed having children during the economic slump.