As one of the most common, unrecognized and untreated healthproblems among young people, tackling depression is a serious priority for countries worldwide. The psychiatricdisorder causes serious social and educational problems forpatients, as well as leading to increased risk of suicide andsubstance abuse. A review of a published article in The Lancet urges that more measures are needed to prevent depression innon-specialist settings, such as schools and communities. Anita Thapar from Cardiff University, Cardiff, UK, lead authorsays: “In view of the disability associated with depression inadolescents, much more needs to be done to recognise and treatthose with depression early and to develop innovative andcost-effective methods to improve access and deliver preventionprogrammes to a far wider group of adolescents particularly innon-specialist settings and in low-income and middle-incomecountries where the burden is greatest” Roughly 5% of adolescents have depression – with the conditionbeing twice as common for girls than boys – with even more being athigh risk of developing the disorder. Those at high-risk showsymptoms of depression although they don’t have the full-blowndisorder. Indoor Full Color LED Display
Thapar and colleagues stress the need to target these individuals to prevent full-blowndepression from developing: The researchers wrote: “Longitudinal studies of adolescents with sub-syndromal depression[high levels of symptoms but not full-blown depression] show thatthey are at increased risk of later full-blown depressive disorder. Thus, there are important reasons for paying attention tosub-syndromal depression and targeting individuals with thesesymptoms for prevention, low-risk intervention strategies, andlifestyle changes.” Some measures that have been shown to help prevent the disorder forthose at risk include: making sure that the adolescents maintain a good relationship withpeers and family members introducing coping mechanisms establishing emotional regulation capacities Cognitive Behavioural Therapy A prevention strategy for high-risk adolescents, called cognitivebehavioural therapy (CBT), has also been found to have a profoundeffect by reducing the risk of developing depression, throughteaching the patient to be optimistic in their thinking. Interpersonal Therapy Interpersonal therapy (IPT) has also had preventive effects,although most countries have a shortage of professionals able toadminister the therapies. To make access to CBT and IPT morereadily available in non-specialist settings, the authors suggestthe introduction of counseling programs in schools and primary careunits, and through cheaper options, such as the Internet. China Stage Led Screens
Developing nations In low-income countries, where resources are scarce, there is alimited amount of treatment and early prevention programs to helpthose with depression. The implementation of such measures couldhelp ease the burden of depression. In Uganada, adolescent warsurvivors were given IPT by trained community workers, the impactwas substantial in reducing depressive symptoms. They conclude : “Evidence for the long term benefits of psychological treatment ormedication to rates of recurrence and for the effectiveness ofnon-specialist interventions is scarce. Rental LED Screen
There is an urgent need formore public education about adolescent depression, and continuedresearch to understand what the key components of preventionprogrammes and policies ought to be.” Written by Joseph Nordqvist Copyright: Medical News Today Not to be reproduced without permission of Medical News Today Additional References Citations.