BEIJING, China Daily/Asia News Network–Several major Chinesecities have some of the world’s highest per capita carbonfootprints, a World Bank report said on Thursday. Greenhouse gasemissions (measured in tons of carbon dioxide equivalent percapita) in Tianjin, Shanghai and Beijing far exceed those of citiessuch as Paris, Tokyo, London, Barcelona and Jakarta. Industry and power generation are major contributors in Chinesecities, largely because coal dominates the nation’s energy use. Globally, most urban emissions come from transport, buildings andwaste, but these three sectors only account for about 20 percent ofChina’s urban emissions. Cell Phone LCD Screens
According to data from the three Chinese cities, about 40 percentof urban emissions are from power generation and another 40 percentfrom industrial activities. Shomik Mehindratta, a World Bank urban transport specialist andco-editor of the report, said Chinese cities have high emissionlevels because they are important global centers of industrialproduction. Cities account for more than 70 percent of energy-relatedgreenhouse gas emissions worldwide and this is expected to rise to76 percent by 2030, said the report. China’s urbanization is accelerating, and about 350 million peopleare expected to move into cities during the next 20 years. The number of people living in China’s cities for the first timeexceeded those living in rural areas by the end of 2011, with anurbanization rate of 51.3 percent, the National Bureau ofStatistics said earlier this year. China Blackberry LCD Screens
Axel Baeumler, World Bank senior infrastructure economist and aco-editor of the report, titled Sustainable Low-Carbon CityDevelopment in China, said Chinese policymakers face a an importantquestion: will China follow a high- or low-emissions path as iturbanizes. The report said that cities must act on multiple fronts to achievelow-carbon growth and also incorporate responses to climate changein planning, investment decisions and emergency-preparedness plans. A critical issue for China’s leaders to consider is the spatialgrowth of Chinese cities and links with municipal finance, asspatial growth patterns determine long-term carbon use in a city. Sprawling cities are locked into a high-carbon development path. Samsung LCD Screens
Local governments are relying on land transfers and landdevelopment to raise revenue for building infrastructure and urbandevelopment, but such an approach is unsustainable. The links between land use, finance and urban sprawl need to bebroken, said Liu Zhi, lead infrastructure specialist at the WorldBank’s Beijing office. The report recommends that urban leadersencourage a cleaner supply of energy, enhance market-based methodsof energy demand management (including prices that reflect fullcosts), enforce energy-efficient building codes and switch toconsumption-based billing for district heating. It also suggests optimizing the transport system to providealternatives to automobiles and encourage walking and bicycling.