“The organic material of the antlers could be dated byradiocarbon analysis with certainty to about 390 AD,”excavation leader Dr. Dennis Graen of the Jena University explains.”Therefore we have a so-called ‘terminus ante quem’ for theinscription, as it must have been created before it got mixed inwith the rubble with the antlers.” The earliest archaeological evidence of Jewish inhabitants in theregion of modern-day Portugal has so far also been a tomb slab witha Latin inscription and an image of a menorah — a seven-armedchandelier — from 482 AD. The earliest Hebrew inscriptions knownuntil now date from the 6th or 7th Century AD. For three years the team of the University Jena has been excavatinga Roman villa in Portugal, discovered some years ago by JorgeCorreia, archaeologist of the Silves council, during anarchaeological survey near the village of São Bartolomeu deMessines (Silves). Ludacris Soul Headphones
The project was aiming at finding out how andwhat the inhabitants of the hinterland of the Roman province ofLusitania lived off. While the Portuguese coast region has beenexplored very well, there is very little knowledge about thoseregions. The new discovery poses further conundrums. “We wereactually hoping for a Latin inscription when we turned round theexcavated tomb slab,” Henning Wabersich, a member of theexcavation reports. After all, no inscriptions have been found sofar and nothing was known about the identity of the inhabitants ofthe enclosure. China AKG Foldable Headphones
Only after long research the Jena Archaeologists found out whichlanguage they were exactly dealing with, as the inscription was notcut with particular care. “While we were looking for expertswho could help with deciphering the inscription between Jena andJerusalem, the crucial clue came from Spain” Dennis Graensays. “Jordi Casanovas Miró from the Museu Nacionald’Art de Catalunya in Barcelona — a well-known expert for Hebrewinscriptions on the Iberian Peninsula — is sure that the Jewishname “Yehiel” can be read, — a name that is alreadymentioned in the Bible.” Not only is the early dateexceptional in this case, but also the place of the discovery:Never before have Jewish discoveries been made in a Roman villa,the Jena Archaelogist explains. In the Roman Empire at that time Jews usually wrote in Latin, asthey feared oppressive measures. Hebrew, as on the re-discoveredmarble plate, only came back into use after the decline of theRoman supremacy, respectively in the following time of migration ofpeoples from the 6th or 7th century AD. China Branded Headphones
“We were also mostsurprised that we found traces of Romans — romanised Lusitaniansin this case — and Jews living together in a rural area of allthings,” Dennis Graen says. “We assumed that somethinglike this would have been much more likely in a city.” Information about the Jewish population in the region in generalwas mostly passed down by scriptures. “During theecclesiastical council in the Spanish town Elvira about 300 ADrules of conduct between Jews and Christians were issued. Thisindicates that at this time there must have been a relatively largenumber of Jews on the Iberian Peninsula already,” Dennis Graenexplains — but archaeological evidence had been missing so far.”We knew that there was a Jewish community in the Middle Agesnot far from our excavation site in the town of Silves.
It existeduntil the expulsion of the Jews in the year 1497.” In the summer the Jena Archaeologists will take up their workagain. Until now they have excavated 160 square metres of thevilla, but after checking out the ground it already became clearthat the greater part of the enclosure is still covered in soil.”We eventually want to find out more about the people wholived here,” Graen explains the venture. “And of coursewe want to solve the questions the Hebrew inscription has posedus.”.